Jakarta, Jubi – The Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI) and Papua Peace Network (JDP) held the 7th Exploratory Summit on 17-19 November 2015 at Sentul City, Bogor to discuss the roots of problems in Papua. The previous meetings were held at Jimbaran (Bali), Manado, Lombok, Yogyakarta, Semarang and Jakarta.
“The 7th summit is aimed to (1) discuss the root of political, legal, security and human rights issues in Papua in addition to discussing contributions from participants and speakers in order to materialize Papua as Peace Land,” LIPI researcher Dr. Adriana Elisabeth who led the Road Map Papua study told Jubi on Thursday (19/11/2015) at Hotel Haris, Sentul City.
Further, she said the meeting was also to anticipate the potential for violence in the run up to the simultaneous regional head elections on 9 December 2015.
She said representatives of government ministries, security agencies, univerisities, non-governmental organizations and the media, including Jubi, participated in the meeting.
Dr. Neles Tebai said the exploratory meeting has discussed several issues related to externalization or regionalization of Papua conflict issues in the Asia Pacific region. “It’s including the recognition of the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) as observer in the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) in June 2015. Regionalization gets intents along with the discussion on human right violations issue in Papua during the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) in Port Moresby in 2015, which resulted several recommendations including to send the fact finding team against human right violations in Papua. It indicates the conflict of violence and human right violation are still happening in Papua,” said Tebay.
Additionally, he also said the meeting also discussed about the plan to form the Military Regional Command in Manokwari, West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena. “The objection from mostly Papuan people on the establishment of Military Regional Command could potentially arise the further mistrust towards the Indonesian Government,” Tebay said.
Both Dr. Adriana and Pater Neles also said the implementation of simultaneous regional head election on 9 December 2015 in 11 regencies of Papua Province and 9 regencies of West Papua Province is disposed to conflict as the ‘noken’ system is still applied in some regencies.
“In some polling stations in the Central Highland area, the regional head election would use the noken system referred to the Melanesian cultural tradition. According to the Constitutional Court Decree No. 47-48 Year 2009, the voting used the noken system is legal, but it has a tendency to be manipulated,” Dr. Adriana said.
“Besides, the implementation of regional head election in Pegunungan Bintang Regency and Yahukimo Regency are full risk of geographical and access of transportation of polling box distribution due to the long-distance of the capital city to the polling stations. Another violence potency related to the regional head election is supporters’ crash that potentially occurred in Nabire, Waropen, Keerom, dan Boven Digoel,” added Pater Neles.
Through this 7th exploratory meeting, LIPI, JDP and participants further said both resources have resulted several inputs for the local governments related to the political and security affairs as well as legal and human right issues in Papua.
Here following seven recommendations for the government: 1) State to the public about the progress of investigation and obstacles in the process of human right violation solving in Papua; (2) Conduct socialization about the urgency of Military Regional Command in West Papua Province and Mobile Brigade Headquarters in Wamena; (3) Guarantee the transparent and neutrality of the election commissionaires, Police/Military personnel and civil servants in the implementation of simultaneous regional head election in Papua; 4) Appoint a diplomat who understand the Papua issues in responding the externalization or regionalization of Papua issues; 5) Build a peace in Papua through a gradual process of dialog by involving the relevant stakeholders; (6) Guarantee the implementation of the Law No. 21/2001 about the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No.35/2008 could run optimal and consistent; and (7) Strengthen the coordination of three pillars (Local Government, Local Parliament and People’s Assembly) in Papua related to the optimization of the Law No. 21/2001 on the Special Autonomy for Papua Province as amended in the Law No. 35/2008. (Victor Mambor/rom)
ULMWP activists in Papua express gratitude to Oxford City Council
Jayapura, Jubi – Simon B Daby, a member of the Central Board Committee of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP), said that West Papuans appreciate the Oxford City Council for granting the Freedom of Oxford” award to the Chairman of ULMWP Benny Wenda. Further, he said this award proves that the international community paid attention towards the efforts of the ULMWP and Wenda in fighting for Papuan self-determination.
The Freedom of Oxford is the highest honour given by the City of Oxford to people who have a significant impact on society. Benny Wenda is an internationally recognized diplomat and leader for the West Papua free movement. Since being granted political asylum in England in 2002, Wenda has fought tirelessly for the self-determination of West Papuans from his campaign office in Oxford.
Moreover, Simon B Dabby stated that this award is highly essential for all the people of West Papua. “We, the people of West Papua, congratulate Benny Wenda who received this award for his efforts to voice the calls of West Papuans for their right of self-determination to the international community,” said Daby on Wednesday (17/4/2019).
Daby continued to say that Mr Wenda has consistently declared injustice and human rights violations in West Papua since 1961 and campaigned for the right of self-determination for West Papuan. “Through this momentum, the people in West Papua convey to all state members of the United Nation to support their right of self-determination,” said Daby.
He also said the demand of West Papuan for self-determination aligned with the Indonesian Constitution 1945 in which stated in the first paragraph of the Preamble, “whereas independence is the inalienable right of all nations.” It is also following the UN General Assembly Resolution No. 1541 (XV) of 1960. The resolution stated that if a region has a geographical location and cultural ethics that are separate and different from its ruling and administrative state, this region is entitled to claim its right of self-determination.
Meanwhile, a member of the Legislative Committee of ULMWP for Anim Ha region, Pangkrasia Yeem, expressed his gratitude to the Oxford City Council for this award. He said the Freedom of Oxford award for Benny Wenda is a special gift for the Papuan people.
Furthermore, he asks all West Papuans to be united in advocating the ULMWP’s efforts for West Papuan self-determination. “With our support to ULMWP, we (will) establish our state as an independent and sovereign nation,” said Yeem on Sunday (14/7/2019). (*)
Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
Editor: Pipit Maizier
23 extra-judicial killings in West Papua last year – rights group
Papua, Jubi – A human rights group advocating for West Papuans in Indonesia says there were more than 20 extra-judicial killings by the military there last year.
Indonesian soldiers participate in a major military jungle warfare exercise in Poso, in central Sulawesi island, on March 31, 2015.
But the military has dismissed the findings, which come during an escalating conflict in Papua’s Highlands as rebels wage war on the state.
The International Coalition for Papua has documented 23 killings it claimed happened at the hands of Indonesia’s military in 2018.
The recently-released list ranges from bullet wounds to being burned alive, mostly in the troubled Central Highlands.
The rights group is demanding Indonesia launch independent investigations into all the cases, warning more deaths have been reported this year.
But a military spokesperson, Muhammad Aidi, said the report is a hoax and that some victims died from tribal violence.
He said others were rebels who died in gunfights after launching attacks on soldiers. (*)
West Papuan independence group urges primacy of TPNPB
Papua, Jubi – There’s strong opposition in West Papua to a reconfiguration of military forces in the struggle for independence from Indonesia.
The United Liberation Movement for West Papua, led by mainly exiled Papuan. claims it’s taking political leadership of a new unified military force, the West Papua Army.
The ULMWP last week said the Army was a united front between the West Papua Liberation Army, or TPNPB, and two smaller fighting forces.
Representatives of the TPNPB, and the broader Free Papua Movement, have since claimed they do not support thie unification anounced in the ‘Vanimo Border Declaration’.
This has been echoed by the West Papua National Committee, or KNPB, a pro-independence organisation focussed on peaceful campaigning.
Its international spokesman Victor Yeimo spoke to Johnny Blades about their concerns.
Victor Yeimo: We still struggle for independence, for our liberation. We need a liberation army. As you know, historically, this organisation (TPNPB) exist since 1961 and until today they exist, fighting on the ground. And the two other ones (the West Papuan National Army and the West Papua Revolutionary Army) separated from TPNPB. But in reality as West Papuans know, as well as colonial (power) knows, these two organisations never have an action on the ground. It’s not a competition between one organisation and another organisation, but in the unity, to liberate the West Papuan demand for self-determination, to go for our goal of freedom, we need one military organisation only. We don’t need many organisations. It wil make confusion in west Papua people. and it will make it difficult for us to make a solution; And it’s very dangerous for the guerillas and all the soldiers of the West Papua army on the ground because if there are three commands, three shystems going on in the ground, it will be difficult, because it will create problems within our military, and it will confuse. How can we attack the enemy through three systems of military organisations? In the revolution history, as you know, we need only one organisation of military.
Johnny Blades: But isn’t that what the ULMWP is trying to achieve, that they are all uniting?
Victor Yeimo: There are concerns in the constitution of the OPM (Free Papua Movement). As you know on the 1st of July 1971 when OPM declared proclamation of independence of the republic of West Papua, they have their own constitution. And this military, TPNPB, is under the constitution of the proclamation. Yes, it is important for us to unite, but in a military… they (West Papuan National Army and the West Papua Revolutionary Army) already split from the main organisation, the TPNPB. So I think now, in reality, the people of West Papua, we want to be free. So please if you want to unite, don’t degradate the existing organisation, the TPNPB, because today as you know on the ground TPNPB is still fighting with arms on the ground.
Johnny Blades: You’re saying that everything should be done under the auspices of the TPNPB, that it shouldn’t be a new united command; you’re saying it should be done under the rules and the constitution of the TPNPB because that’s the main military?
Victor Yeimo: Yes, the military has its own discipline of military. The constitution is something that we can discuss and unite. But the military is a tool for revolution. We need only one military and one discipline. So if they (the West Papuan National Army and the West Papua Revolutionary Army) if they have their own discipline of military, please bring it to the TPNPB. we have to strengthen the exist one. So then, what we want… we have one goal. So please use the existing one as our strength to attack the enemy. That’s the solution for KNPB. We are supporting the ULMWP but we encourage them to only recognise the TPNPB as the one and only military defence.
Johnny Blades: There’s been some criticism from people in the OPM, or TPNPB, about the way this (declaration) has been done. What do you think about the reaction?
Victor Yeimo: Yes, in the ground the reaction is negative. The other headquarters of each commander, like in Lanny Jaya, also in Puncak Jaya, also in Paniai, also in Yahukimo, also in Nduga, they are not involved in this declaration. So I believe that they are opposed to that declaration.
Johnny Blades: The KNPB has generally been a peaceful organisation. What do you believe in, does the military have a role in the struggle?
Victor Yeimo: Yes we support them in resistance as a defence force, as they have the same aim: to go for self-determination. But we have a different method. We organise people in West Papua through the peaceful means (including civil resistance and demonstrations). Until today KNPB believe in peaceful means. We don’t even hope the military action will give more influence inside our struggle because today people around the world, the solidarity just becomes bigger and bigger because our peaceful action in the ground. But it will not stop them fighting, because this is the reality in every struggle, a liberation army. We want our own military. It’s something that always happens in every struggle. So we want them to fight in accordance to their method.
Johnny Blades: The political leadership of the struggle, is it accurate to say that (ULMWP chairman) Benny Wenda is the head of that movement?
Victor Yeimo: I say that ULMWP should become co-ordinating body, not become a state or acting like a state. because we have too many factions and too many history. So we want today the organisations can unite all of the factions, all of the movements in West Papua through the co-ordination mechanism… like three years ago (at ULMWP’s inception). This is something important. We will have our own nation state after independence. So what we want today is to unite, co-ordinating the agenda and organisation, everything we can discuss. So, it’s not like now, everything comes from outside, from Benny Wenda, from outside. It’s not good for the unity. It will kill the unity because in our history there are too many people claiming they are the president, who claimed they have their own constitution and everything. We don’t want that. What we want today is freedom from Indonesian occupation. (*)
Most Read Posts
- ULMWP activists in Papua express gratitude to Oxford City Council 19 July 2019
- 23 extra-judicial killings in West Papua last year – rights group 17 July 2019
- West Papuan independence group urges primacy of TPNPB 15 July 2019
- Indonesian Military Dismisses Papuan Rebel Leader’s Claim of Unified Army 12 July 2019
- Polish man in Papua prison says his government of little help 10 July 2019
- JCH Kloter 15 Papua tertunda 20 jam keberangkatannya ke Jeddah 19 July 2019
- Separatis berujung pada penghargaan 19 July 2019
- AS tuntut Iran lepaskan kapal yang ditangkapnya 19 July 2019
- Heribertus Silubun: Saya siap bertarung di pilkada tahun depan 19 July 2019
- Terbentur regulasi, Kadis Dukcapil Mappi belum bisa dilantik 19 July 2019
- Pakistan rugi Rp 695 miliar akibat menutup wilayah udara 19 July 2019
- Korupsi, dua ASN di Mappi dipecat 19 July 2019
- Ini sejumlah hadiah bupati Kepulauan Talaud dari penyuap 19 July 2019
Headlines6 months ago
Three refugees reportedly died in Nduga Forest
Headlines7 months ago
Papuan people demand the President to withdraw troops from Nduga
Human Right4 months ago
32,000 people flee violence in Papua – rights group
Health & Education Service5 years ago
Sex Education Taught at School In Jayawijaya
Headlines9 months ago
When a dense forest turns into an oil palm plantation
Economy9 months ago
Freeport Indonesia disregards Papua Manpower Office’s Decree
Headlines9 months ago
Civilians are allegedly among casualties in Tingginambut gunfire
Environment10 months ago
Green economy development would be on five indigenous territories