The figure of malaria case or Annual Parasite Incidence (API) in Nabire Regency reportedly continued to decline in the last three years. A data compiled from all community health centres and private laboratories in Nabire indicates that by June 2018, the malaria case is only 13,36% compared to 71% in 2015.
Based on this data, the Nabire Health Office is confident be able to contribute to accomplishing the elimination of malaria by 2028 for Papua Province and by 2030 for Indonesia.
Yenni Derek, the manager of malaria control program of the Nabire Regional Health Office, said the API number of 13.36 % indicates the number of Annual Blood Examination Rate (ABER) or the averaged number of examined patients (178.44%) and the Slide Positivity Rate (SPR) of malaria (7.488%).
If the national figure shows 1 SPR per 1,000 populations, which means of 1,000 people, only one is malaria positive. Therefore, in Nabire, there are 14 malaria positives amongst 1,000 inhabitants. “The API is obtained by adding up the total of malaria cases and then divide it with the number of the population before multiplying it with 1,000,” Derek explained to Jubi on Wednesday, 24 October 2018.
The Regional Health Office, said Derek, continues to reduce these numbers through ongoing programs, such as the distribution of mosquito nets and community counselling. The office also established the Nabire Center for malaria control management and conducted training for the Participatory Learning Action (PLA) facilitators by involving the village community.
Derek further explained that there are a few sub-districts of 15 such as Moora, Menou and Dipa, where the malaria cases rarely found. The reason is these sub-districts have less population compared to others. So, the number of malaria cases is also affected by the number of people, despite the environment and lack of awareness, especially on the lifestyle.
She also said for the last three years, the Regional Health Office and the community health centre has conducted a regular check-up, public awareness campaign and the distribution of mosquito nets.
“However, I believe that people nowadays have become more aware and understand the importance of this issue. We observe that currently they already use the nets distributed by our officers,” she said.
Meanwhile, the Head of Disease Control and Eradication Division (P2P) of the Nabire Regional Health Office, dr. Frans Sayori said that all health service units (Yankes) must control malaria by providing the Anti-Malaria Medication (OAM).
“If someone feels a fever, do not immediately give them other medications. Firstly, you should examine the blood of patients first because fever does not mean malaria,” he said.
Moreover, he said the participation of community and stakeholders such as the private sector and the government should work together for several reasons. “The local government agencies such as the Public Works Office, the Environmental Service Office, should collaborate to provide the clean water, sanitation and clean environment. So it’s not a responsibility of a certain agency,” he said.
Meanwhile, the Head of Technical Unit for AIDS-TB-Malaria of the Papua Provincial Health Office dr. Beeri Wopari said Malaria Center for Meepago indigenous area is in Timika. It was established as a coordination centre, not for a centre to control and prevent malaria.
“It’s only for coordination. According to the policy of the Ministry of Health and the Papua Governor’s Regulation on malaria control, it divides per indigenous territory, and for Meepago, it’s base is in Timika,” he said.
To lead to malaria elimination goal for Papua in 2028, he said, it needs cross-sectoral cooperation between the government agencies and private institutions as well as the participation of the community.
“We have met and coordinated in the meeting involved all relevant stakeholders in Meepago customary area some time ago in Timika,” he said.
According to Wopari, the leading units, namely village chiefs, communities and families should initiate such efforts to accelerate malaria control. Then it goes up to the level of sub-districts, regency and province. They all are needed to facilitate the malaria control program.
“So we use the bottom up method to facilitate the malaria control and work together with the community and relevant stakeholders to ensure the program achievement. Therefore we need to be integrated into one coordination to reduce the malaria cases in Papua regions,” he said.
“We should know what does the contribution from the community, what does the role of the government. If we want to achieve the malaria elimination goal, the community should have their action plan; therefore the health officers know their problems,” he said.
Meanwhile, a Nabire resident Suyono admitted the malaria prevalence in Nabire has reduced. Twenty years ago, he arrived in Nabire and had malaria frequently, but now the disease has never reoccurred.
“I often had malaria when I arrived here twenty years ago. Mosquitos were everywhere perhaps It was still a dense forest,” he said.
He admitted that at that time there was no malaria eradication program and people also less aware of the clean environment and there are also no free mosquito nets.
“Well, that’s the situation in the past. However, I see people rarely have malaria this day,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Titus Ruban
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Asiki resident died in a health clinic after allegedly tortured by a police officer
Jayapura, Jubi – A resident of Asiki Sub-district, Boven Digoel Regency, Papua died in a health clinic of a palm oil plantation company PT Tunas Sawa Erma on Saturday (16/5/2020). Prior to his death, a police officer reportedly tortured him.
The apostolic administrator of the Merauke Archdiocese Monseigneur Petrus Canisius Mandagi MSC asked the authority to investigate the incident and its perpetrator accordingly. Meanwhile, Yan Christian Warinussy, the Executive Director of the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid (LP3BH) Manokwari, asked the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) to intervene the investigation.
On Saturday morning Marius Betera found banana plants in his garden located in the plantation area of PT Tunas Sawa Ema (TSE) in Camp 19 destroyed. Hence, he thought the company’s excavator did it.
He then went to the police station in Camp 19 to file a complaint. When he couldn’t meet the police officers there, he went to PT TSE’s office to express his grievance. He complained that the management of PT TSE never gave him a notice about the area clearing. It made him upset and at the same time, lost.
When leaving the company’s office, Betera met a police officer with the initial “M”. He punched and kicked him on the stomach in front of the employees of PT TSE. From some witnesses, Jubi received information saying that Betera’s ear was bleeding from the beating.
Around 11 pm, Betera returned to the police station at Camp 19 to file a complaint on his persecution but couldn’t meet anyone there. Around 1 pm, he felt unwell. People bought him to the health clinic of PT TSE at Camp 19. He then reportedly died in that clinic.
Concerning his death, the Apostolic Administrator of the Merauke Archdiocese Monseigneur Petrus Canisius Mandagi MSC asked for investigation over the incident and said the perpetrator should go on trial. “I strongly condemn this murder. Killing anyone is a crime against humanity. Anyone who perpetrated this murder, especially if he was a member of security forces, must immediately be arrested, tried and punished,” said the bishop.
Bishop Mandagi firmly said that Papuans, like any other human races, are a picture of God. He warned that every police officer stationed in Papua should represent a character of security forces who commit to protecting people.
“It means the police should protect the entire people, not only those who work in the company. If there is a problem, they should put a dialogue as a priority, not violence,” said the bishop.
Separately, the Executive Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy stated the alleged persecution towards Marius Betera must be thoroughly investigated. He said this violence act might involve some other police officers.
Therefore, he urged the National Human Rights Commission to intervene in the investigation of this case. “We urge the National Human Rights Commission to get involved in the investigation over this case. This case should be openly investigated, [so that’ the perpetrator can be examined and tried before the Merauke District Court,” he said. (*)
Jubi journalist Victor Mambor contributed in this article
Reporter: Angela Flassy
Editor: Pipit Maizier
A story of Ruth Dolly Pagawak, Papuan woman who recovered from Covid-19
Manokwari, Jubi – Ruth Dolly Pagawak, twenty years old Papuan woman who declared negatives after two swab checks, could go home. She finally can meet her baby and the rest of her family on Saturday afternoon, 16 May 2020 after being quarantined at Papua Barat Provincial Hospital.
Along with Pagawak, other patients H. Abdullah Appe (62 years old) and La Marra (65 years old) were also declared has recovered from the Coronavirus. Papua Barat Governor Dominggus Mandacan officially take three of them out of the hospital.
While wearing a mask and holding her health certificate tightly, Pagawak told that her recovery is God’s blessing. “This is because of the grace of Lord Jesus that I was declared recovered of the Coronavirus,” said Pagawak holding a bucket of flowers by her doctors and nurses.
During her medical treatment at the hospital, Pagawak always listened to doctors and the medical team who treated her. She declared that listening to the government and medical staffs’ advice during the treatment is very important. By doing that, the body immune will stronger to combat the virus.
“During my treatment, I routinely consumed vitamins and complied the doctors’ orders. I was also tried not being stressful because I believed that I would recover,” she said.
Since she was tested positive of Coronavirus in the mid of April, Pagawak has not experienced the most severe symptom. She claimed to only experience light symptoms such as cough and runny nose.
“I never experienced severe symptoms such as shortness of breath. I just had a cold and a mild cough.”
As the first Papuan woman who recovers from Coronavirus in Papua Barat, Pagawak advised people, in particular native Papuans, not to underestimate this virus. Still, they also do not need to overwhelm panic.
“The point is we must remain vigilant. Wear a mask, wash our hand routinely and get enough rest. We cannot avoid this virus because it is not visible. Therefore, we must follow all medical advice by the government, and never forget to pray and beg for mercy and recovery from God,” she said.
Pagawak told that she initially didn’t believe in her initial test confirming that she was Coronavirus positive because she was in the postpartum period. But with the support and permission of her husband, she finally agreed to take an initial medical treatment at Manokwari Hospital separately from her baby. She then continued to quarantine at Papua Barat Provincial Hospital since 1 May.
“I initially didn’t believe that I am Coronavirus positive. I just delivered my first child, who was six weeks at the time. So, when they took my baby and me from Warmare Subdistrict to Manokwari Hospital, we were treated separately,” she said.
This young mother also thanked the quarantine team of Papua Barat Provincial Hospital because of treating her and other patients sincerely and pouring them with encouragement and motivation.
“Personally, I thank the medical team, doctors and everybody who involved in Papua Barat Provincial Hospital. They are noble-hearted people because they treated us nicely. They are warm and always motivate us; therefore, we remain motivated to recover,” she said.
The information from the Covid-19 Task Force Papua Barat stated that Pagawak’s baby is currently undergoing treatment by a paediatrician at Manokwari Hospital. The baby, on the contrary, was declared negative since the initial examination and treated separately from the mother.
Meanwhile, Papua Barat Governor Dominggus Mandacan hopes that local community and neighbours of the recovered patients to accept them when they return to their family and neighbourhood.
“I hope people can accept them when they return to their family. Their recovery was also the hard work of the Papua Barat Provincial medical staff as well as our prayers,” said Mandacan at the Papua Barat Hospital on Saturday (16/5/2020). (*)
Reporter: Hans Kapisa
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Before being released, Papua political prisoners in Jakarta will undergo a rapid test
Jayapura, Jubi – Following the release of Issay Wenda two weeks ago, four of five Papuan political prisoners will leave the Salemba detention centre, Central Jakarta. The four political prisoners are Dano Anes Tabuni, Ambrosius Mulait, Paulus Surya Anta Ginting and Charles Kossay.
Besides some administration concerns, Surya Anta and compatriots will undergo a rapid test (initial screening) to detect their antibodies, namely IgM and IgG, which are produced by the human’s body to combat the coronavirus. Human’s body will produce these antibodies when exposed by the coronavirus.
“I am preparing the rapid test tool,” Ruth Ogetay, the nurse for Papuan political prisoners as well as a member of the Advocacy Team for Papua, told Jubi this morning by phone.
Ogetay who worked as an analyst in the laboratory of PGI Cikini Hospital, Central Jakarta, explained that this is a way to prevent the coronavirus spread. Therefore, she wants to ensure the health condition of the political prisoners before leaving the detention centre to meet their family and relatives.
“It only needs a few moments, about 5-10 minutes to find out the result. If the result is negative, they can meet their family and friends who will come to pick them up later,” said Ogetay.
“While Surya and other friends are approaching their time of freedom, it’s still uncertain for Ariana Elopore,” Michael Himan separately told Jubi.
He recently received information about this from the Prosecutor Office. He said the Attorney Office already sent a letter to release Elopore today along with other four prisoners, but there is another issue.
Ariana Elopore who detained in Pondok Bambu—a detention centre for women, was declared “not able to be released” because she had to undergo a quarantine imposed by the detention centre authority with other detainees.
“The Attorney Office said 12 detainees found positive (of having COVID-19) in the detention centre. Therefore, she is not allowed to go (today) because of the quarantine,” Himan explained.
Concerning the statement from the Attorney Office, Himan said the advisors’ team would directly meet the Pondok Bambu detention centre authority for a further explanation behind the “detention” of his client.
Previously, the five political prisoners accused of treason and conspiracy in according to Article 106 of the Criminal Code in conjunction with Article 55 paragraph 1 of the Criminal Code or Article 110 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code.
No appeal will charge
Himan explained that his clients would not submit an appeal on the grounds of their health and safety during the COVID-19 pandemic.
“This decision was taken through a comprehensive discussion with his clients, their family and legal advisors,” Himan stated in the press release of the Advocates Team for Papua received by Jubi.
Himan further explained that the release of his five clients had met the conditions stipulated in the parole by the Minister of Law and Human Rights through the Ministerial Decree No. M.HH-19.PK.01.04.04/2020 concerning the repatriation and discharge of adult and juvenile prisoners through the assimilation and integration programs to prevent and control the COVID-19 spread.
The Papuan political prisoners in Jakarta were convicted to 9 months sentence, except for Issay Wenda, who charged to 8 months in prison. (*)
Reporter: Yuliana Lantipo
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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