Jayapura, Jubi – The Secretary General of the Empowerment Team for Seven Land Owner Tribes in the mining area of PT Freeport Indonesia, Menase Degey, said the group were demanding the establishment of the Department of Empowerment for Seven Tribes because they refuse to be spectators on their own land.
He said some particular groups have taken advantage of the tribes for their own interests.
Degey said his team had found five clauses on the status of the seven tribes in the basic guidelines issued by the Freeport headquarters in New Orleans.
“They include the policy related to employment and promotion. But all this time, no specific department has been established to accommodate and response to our needs. Based on this, we ask the company to provide a special department for the seven tribes to support the operational continuity of PT. Freeport. We refuse to be a spectator on our land,” Degey told Jubi by phone on Thursday (9/10).
He said thousands of workers from seven tribes have joined the protest by interrupting the operating activities of PT Freeport since Tuesday night (7/10). And it will continue growing if the company doesn’t take prompt action to accommodate their demands, he said.
“Our survey data since last July recorded there are 1,705 workers from seven tribes who employed in several work divisions. Moreover, we also gained supports from other employers to have our own department,” he said.
However, he admitted PT Freeport was actually doing something. It has done some efforts, but there are things still need to be improved in term of the competencies building for the workers and native people from seven tribes, namely carrier building, training and others. “This is our big challenge if we were employed in the industrial technology or other divisions. For the company, seven tribes is its challenge, and on the other hand, the industrial technology is our challenge. Therefore, we should work together to find the solution for this matter,” he said.
He further said until now many of native people don’t understand Bahasa Indonesia as well as the industrial technology. “If the Department of Empowerment for Seven Tribes was established, it could support the program of PT. Freeport. We only want the native people obtaining the better life in accordance with the Article 33 of Constitution. We want use the local wisdom to empower people. The purpose of the empowerment team is to fight against poverty, ignorance and isolation in relation with the national development context,” said Degey.
He also revealed the team has collaborated with the Empowerment Working Group of seven tribes established by the company in order to analysis the establishment of the Department of Empowerment for seven tribes. “We will continue our protest until our demand is fulfilled. Referred to the result of our collaborating work from 25 August to 2 September, the working group will set the representatives of seven tribes into the existing business units, and it means we scarify our workers who actually need to be help,” he said.
On Thursday morning (9/10), the Working Team together with the company’s representatives departed to Jakarta to meet Richard Ardkeson, the President CEO of PT Freeport Indonesia. The Mimika Regent facilitated the meeting. “The regent said this department should be materialized. He mediated the meeting to support our voice and commitment,” Degey said.
Earlier, a worker from Amungme tribe, Jack Amisim said the workers from seven tribes held a protest by sitting in the main road connecting the access road to several mining areas of PT. Freeport. “The company has not yet fulfilled our right. We are demanding what is suppose to be our right,” said Amisim. (Arjuna Pademme/rom)
Legal counsel Warinussy: We refute the prosecutor’s indictment and will submit an exception
Manokwari, Jubi – The legal counsel of three students who respectively arrested following the anti-racism protest in Manokwari on 3 September 2019 said he is ready to submit an exception against the public prosecutor’s indictment in the inaugural trial session held at the Manokwari District Court on Thursday (13/2/2020).
The three students took to the court after their involvement as orators and negotiators in a rally to protest the racism against Papuans at Gunung Salju Amban, Manokwari, on 3 September 2019, which attended by hundreds of protestors.
In the indictment, the prosecutor declared that the three defendants had said provocatives and resistance words against the police who were on duty securing the demonstration.
As the results of their provocative words, the protest mob had moved to fight the police by throwing water mineral bottles and stones to the police, causing injuries to the police.
Meanwhile, Yan Christian Warinussy as the legal counsel team chief said his clients Erik Aliknoe, Pende Mirin and Yunus Aliknoe had not been able to accept the prosecutor’s indictment. Regarding this, his team will submit an exception in the next hearing session.
“We ask for a week to study the indictment as well as to prepare an exception,” said Warinussy.
On the other hand, Benoni A Kombado in the indictment stated that the three defendants had violated the public speech as regulated in article 106 of the Criminal Code in conjunction with article 55 paragraph 1 to 1e of the Criminal Code.
On the request by the legal counsel of the three defendants, the Chair Judge Sonny L.B. Loemurry suspended the trial and said it would be resumed on Thursday, 20 February 2020 with the agenda of hearing the exception by the legal counsel on the prosecutor’s indictment. (*)
Reporter: Hans Kapisa
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Sayang Mandabayan charged with treason, legal counsellor applying an exception
Manokwari, Jubi – The Public Prosecutor of the Manokwari District Attorney accused Sayang Mandabayan with treason article 106 in conjunction with article 53 of the Indonesian Criminal Code in the indictment reading at the Manokwari District Court on Thursday (13/02/2020).
In the indictment, the public prosecutor from the Manowari District Attorney General Benoni A. Kambado indicted the defendant Sayang Mandabayan participating as an orator in the anti-racism protest in Sorong City on 19 August 2019 which ended in chaos.
Furthermore, he appointed that with the same intention, the defendant left for Manokwari on 3 September 2019 to attend the similar protest on the same day. However, the police and airport security officers arrested her and seized her luggage at Rendani Airport, Manokwari.
The public prosecutor also mentioned in the indictment that, with her own initiative, Mandabayan had prepared 1,496 miniatures of morning star flag made by paper and stick, 4 pieces of white t-shirts with monkey images and 3 reams of printed song lyrics ‘Dari Ombak Besar’ and ‘Hai Tanahku Papua’.
Meanwhile, Mandabayan’s legal counsel Metuzalak Awom said he would file an objection against the indictment, given that the location of the trial and the place of detention against his clients are under the jurisdiction of Manokwari.
“We will submit an exception because of the facts mentioned in the indictment were not match with the locus (place) of the incident,” he told Jubi on Thursday (13/2/2020) in Manokwari.
Furthermore, he considered there was an attempt of criminalisation against his client by connecting the incident in Sorong with the arrest of Mandabayan at Rendani Manokwari Airport.
“Whether it would be accepted or not, our exception would clearly be an early indication to the prosecutor’s indictment before we are going into the substantive matter,” he said.
In the meantime, the panel judges chair Faisal Kossah approved the request of Mandabayan’s attorney to conduct an exception.
“We suspend the hearing until next week on 20 February 2020 with the agenda of hearing the exception by the legal counsellor on the prosecutor’s indictment,” concluded Faisal. (*)
Reporter: Hans Kapisa
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Stop criminalization over Papuan activists and free political prisoners
Jayapura, Jubi – The rights of freedom of expression in the second administration period of President Joko Widodo have still in concern to human rights activists. Democracy index 2019 released by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) put the democracy in Indonesia is the category of flawed democracy with index 6.48.
“One of the factors contributing to this low rate index is control and repressive acts such as the restriction over freedom of assembly and expression. The restriction of civil movements including student’s rally, criminalization against activists, farmers and students to restriction on freedom of expression on political free choice of indigenous Papuans,” said the Deputy Director of ELSAM (Institute of Human Rights Studies and Advocacy) Andi Muttaqien in a release received by Jubi on Saturday (8/2/2020).
According to him, the restriction against the freedom of political expression of indigenous Papuans has raised an assumption that the Government of Indonesia had been placing Papuans as “the second-class citizen” who has no rights to express their political view and opinion.
“The human rights issue and conflict in Papua has endured for decades and never been solved until today. The central government seems to neglect indigenous Papuans to be minorities and marginalized in their own land. The security forces have acted repressively to any forms of the political expression of indigenous Papuans by giving them a stigma as a separatist,” he said.
Based on monitoring and documentation conducted by ELSHAM in the second quarter (August-December) of 2019, the criminalization against the Papuan political activists has increased drastically. The security forces have massively seized Papuans on many occasions. These acts have mostly ended in the arrestation and detention of Papuans.
ELSHAM’s data showed that as per 28 January 2020, there are 100 Papuan political prisoners behind bars.
Earlier, Papuan Behind Bars confirmed 26 political prisoners detained in Papua in 2018, consisted of 25 indigenous Papuans and a journalist of Poland national Jakob Skrzypski. But, the number of political prisoners in 2019 has sharply increased to 77 new prisoners who arrested in civil demonstrations during August and September 2019. The increase happened concerning the incident of racist taunts towards Papuan students on Monday, 16 August 2019.
There are also some cases against Papuan political activists which seized public attention. It includes the case against Septi Meidogda (Gempar Papua Chairman) arrested in Manokwari on 18 September 2019 and charged with Information (ITE) Law by accusing him to provoke the public on Facebook dated 17 September 2019.
Then, the case of Mispo Gwijangge who accused to murder 30 construction workers in Nduga on 2 December 2018. There are flawed aspects related to his arrest, such as he does not understand Indonesian and only speak his local dialect. Mispo is illiterate. He cannot write, read and count nor able to specify the day or date. He does not know his date of birth and his age. During the investigation, he even did not understand any questions posed by the police officers.
Next, the case involved six political prisoners Surya Anta, Charles Kossay, Dano Tabuni, Issay Wenda, Ambrosius Mulait and Ariana Elopere who currently detained at Salemba prison, Jakarta for treason because of raising the Morning Star in front of the Presidential Palace on 28 August 2019. The police arrested them two days after the rally. Currently, most political prisoners are undergoing the trial at court. However, some prisoners are now in home-detention, while others are still in prison.
“The use of treason article and ITE Law against Papuan political prisoners are exaggerated and not necessary. Therefore, each person who considered doing the treason act and brought to court should be released,” he said.
ELSHAM considers that the restriction to the rights of freedom of expression imposed by the treason article has gone beyond the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which ratified by the Indonesian Government. The detention against citizens by state because of their political view also considered violating the rights to freedom of expression and opinion in which protected by Article 28 of the 1945 Constitution and other laws.
“President Jokowi should instruct the Attorney General to immediately stop or withdraw all charges against defendants and or Papuan political prisoners who accused with treason and ITE articles,” he said.
ELSHAM also asked the Indonesian Police Chief to order his staff to use a dialogical approach and stop all forms of discrimination against Papuan activists. (*)
Reporter: Yance Wenda
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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