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Special report: Risking peace in Wamena (part 5 of 6)

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The shophouse in Pikhe had burned to the ground. – Jubi/Vembri Waluyas

An exploded mass riot blasted Wamena, the capital of Jayawijaya Regency, Papua on 23 September 2019 has shocked the public’s sense of humanity. Everyone was shaken and mourned to see how the anti-racism protest by students exploded into a riot killing at least 42 people and destroyed half of the biggest town in Papua’s central highland. 

But what people want right now is to embroider the already-torn apart social relationship, to heal the wounds promptly. On the other hand, the government has many things to do if they want to rebuild a robust peace in society. The article is the fifth part of six articles of “Risking peace in Wamena”. 

Those who dwell in the dark of sorrow

In the central area of Pisugi, the Rev. Simet Yikwa set his feet on the muddy pathway towards a silimo, a traditional housing compound of the central Papua highlands. “There, the body of Kelion Tabuni cremated,” he told.

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The compound was quiet. Only a few men were inside. “We’ve just got back. Since 24 September, we have left Pikhe with our families. Today, only men started to return home, while women are still in the refuge,” said a relative of Kelion on 8 October 2019.

The Rev. Simet Yikwa then said the shooting of Kelion Tabuni (20 years old) on 23 September had triggered the burning of shops and stalls in Homhom. Before the incident, Yikwa said he saw the masses dressed in high school uniform was outraged and threw stones in all direction. They became violent after failing to infiltrate the police barricade in front of the Wamena Police Headquarters in Homhom Street, Wamena.

“They threw stones in all directions, but no one set a fire. After seeing Kelion Wenda get shot, they got angrier and took fuel in bottles displayed in front of the stall, then burned the stalls and shops in Homhom and Pikhe streets,” said the Rev. Yikwa.

Meanwhile, none of Tabuni’s relatives knows how could be there. He just returned to Papua from Manado at the end of August and arrived in Wamena only two weeks before the riot.

His uncle Tianus Jikwa said Kelion was supposed to join him in gardening on 23 September morning. “I reminded him about it on Sunday evening. But he went to Homhom. We didn’t know what had happened. We just heard that he was hot at noon. Some relatives brought his body from Homhom to here on foot. They arrived at 4 in the afternoon,” said Tianus Jikwa.

Kelion Tabuni died with a bullet hit his stomach that pierced his lower back. Those who brought his body home told that he was shot near the campus of the Social and Political Science College of Amal Ilmiah Yapis in Homhom Street. They immediately took his body and brought it to Pikhe. This is why his death not recorded in the database of victims released by police.

His relatives testified that there were no other injuries except the gunshot wound. “We cremated his body on 24 September 2019 at around 1 p.m. Then, in the afternoon, we fled,” said Tianus Jikwa.

Meanwhile, the family of Niligi Wenda also dwelled in the same grief. Niligi Wenda is a shop’s security guard in Homhom area. “It was his day off. But when he heard about the riot that occurred in Pasar Misi, Wouma, he came to see it. He didn’t bring anything at that time, but he got shot on his chess instead,” said his relative to Jubi on 8 October 2019.

Like Tabuni’s relatives, Wenda’s relatives are also afraid to report Niligi’s death to the police or government. They worried if they said it, the police would accuse Niligi as a rioter.

A number of buildings had burned to the ground in Homhom. – Jubi/Vembri Waluyas

Another family in Wesaput also mourned by the death of Eles Himan (25 years old). Himan was the last semester student of the Social and Political Science of Amal Ilmiah Yapis who shot dead while on campus. His relative Iton recalled that Eles left early in the morning on 23 September 2019 to finalise his final thesis for a prerequisite of graduation. He wanted to attend the graduation scheduled on 5 October 2019.

“On that Monday, Eles left Wesaput at around 7.30 a.m. He brought a backpack containing all relevant documents to his thesis, ID card, smartphone, saving account book, and a letter of appointment stated his position as a facilitator of Village Fund program in Yahukimo Regency. After he was leaving, we heard a riot occurred in Homhom. We tried to call him since 9 a.m. but only heard a waiting tone. He never received the call,” said Iton.

His relatives then came to the Jayawijaya public hospital in Wamena on the morning of 24 September. “The family found his body in Room 1. The nurse said Eles was the last victim received by the hospital on 23 September. The police brought his body and arrived at the hospital at around 8.16 p.m. We didn’t know that he was shot. We only knew that he went to school for taking care of his thesis and graduation day. Why he must be shot?” regrets Iton.

Moreover, Iton said Eles Himan died because of a shot on his hip. “The bullet was still there, and no other wounds found on his body. But both his neck and shoulders were swollen, as well as his arms and legs. We cremated his body on 25 September,” said Iton pointing Eles’ grave located in the back of the silimo.

Eles Himan is one of eight dead victims who by the National Police Chief General Tito Karnavian identified as “indigenous Papuans”. Meanwhile, the other seven victims are Eliaken Wetapo, Gestanus Hisage, Ketron Kogoya, Manu Meage, Nison Lokbere, Yus Asso, and Marius Wenda. In contrast, Kelion Tabuni and Niligi Wenda are “indigenous Papuans” who not yet registered in police official record. Also, the Papua Customary Council of Extraordinary Congress recorded other six death victims, namely Lawan Hesegem, Beam Wenda, Inius Tabuni, Naligin Yikwa, Wenas Babingga, Yandrik Wenda.

Separately, Jubi found another dead victim named Nisaba Himan. Some residents testified that his body found in Pisugi with a gunshot on the chess. Both the police and council have not yet included his name in their records.

In a massive rampage like what had happened in Wamena, it was not easy to trace the whereabouts of all victims. “We are worried that the number of dead victims could be even more, given that many injured victims are afraid to go to the hospital. We should find and trace all the victims. By this way we can start the process of reconciliation,” said Domikus Surabut, the Chairman of the Papua Customary Council of Extraordinary Congress. (To be continued)

Jubi journalists Victor Mambor, Islami Adisubrata also contribute to this article.  

 

Reporter: Aryo Wisanggeni

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Hundreds of people were detained in Papua ahead to 1 December

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One of four students who arrested by police at Gereja Gembala Baik, Abepura on 1 December. – Courtesy of LBH Papua

Jayapura, Jubi – Around 112 people were arrested by police in several towns of Papua and Papua Barat provinces within a week ahead to 1 December 2019 under the treason article concerning the Morning Star flag-raising.

Five days before 1 December which commemorated as the Papuan political manifesto by Papuans, a young Papuan activist Pilipus Robaha arrested by police in his house on 26 November 2019. The police questioned him in association with a letter posting on social media appealing people to attend the commemoration worship of 1 December at Trikora Square. Lack of evidence to accuse his involvement connected to the report, the police released him the next day.

A day after his arrest, the police detained eight people in Manokwari at around 3 in the afternoon of local time. The Regional Police Chief of Papua Barat Province, Brigadier General Herry Rudolf Nahak, said during the police seized twenty-nine big-sized Morning Star flags, some posters and pamphlets and two cars.

“During the interrogation, these eight people admitted that they participated in the event after reading the pamphlet about a rally at Borasi Square, Manokwari on Wednesday morning,” said the police chief.

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Until Thursday (5/12/2019), they are still under the custody of Manokwari Police. So far, the police declared none of these eight persons named suspects. However, the police have charged seven detainees under the treason article, according to Yan Warinussy, the Executive Director of Legal Aid Research, Study and Development Study (LP3BH) Manokwari. Meanwhile, another one only named as a witness.

Another arrest occurred in Sentani City of Jayapura Regency. The police detained thirty-four people on Saturday evening (30/11/2019) while marching towards Trikora Square, Abepura to participate in a flag-raising ceremony. The police also accused them as the members of the West Papuan National Liberation Army from Demta sub-district and Sarmi Regency after finding evidence of their membership cards.

Jayapura Police Chief Adjunct Commissionaire Victor Makbon said “We already released fourteen of them, but twenty people have named suspects. We charged six of them under the Emergency Law on the possession of sharp weapons and the Treason Article 106 and Article 2 verse (1) of the Criminal Code.”

In the meantime, there are 13 people charged under the Treason Article 106 of the Criminal Code, while one also charged under the Treason Article 106 and Article 160 on incitement.

Regarding this case, Yohanis Mambrasaar, a lawyer from Papua Human Rights Advocates Association (PAHAM), confirmed that the report on twenty people charged for treason. Currently, he said PAHAM is preparing the power of attorney to provide legal assistance for detainees.

Separately, the police arrested four students at Gembala Baik Church in Abepura on Sunday Morning. Marvin Yobe, Desepianus Dumupa, Paul Halapok and Devion Tekege wore the Papuan highland traditional clothes and pained their bodies with the Morning Star pattern. They also brought the Morning Star flags to the Church during the worship time.

The arrested student Desepianus Dumupa said the purpose of their act was to ask God for freedom. “Our purpose carrying the flag in the worship was to ask God’s help, ask Him to liberate our nation,” said Dumupa.

However, the police then released these four students after being interrogated until 1 morning on Monday. They first questioned at Abepura Police Headquarters, then at Jayapura Police Headquarters after the police had not found any evidence at their accommodation.

By Monday morning, the police called Father James Kosay who led the worship at Gembala Baik Church on 1 December to question related to the arrest of four students. “At the time of arrest, there were twenty police officers, both without and with uniform, entered the church during the worship that made people panic,” said Father James.

A day before the incident in Gembala Baik Church, the police also called Markus Haluk, the Executive Director of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) in connection with The Call for Communal Worship on 1 December 2019. The police interrogated Haluk with twenty-nine questions for six hours.

Another detain also occurred in Fakfak. The local police of Fakfak arrested 54 people in Warpa, Pikpik and Mabuni-Buni villages of Kayauni sub-district at around 3 in the afternoon on Sunday (1/12/2019). The police accused them intending to raise the Morning Star flag at the residence of Fakfak Regent. Also, the police claimed the fifty-four detainees as the members of TPNPB after finding their membership cards during the arrest.

Fakfak Police Chief Ary Nyoto Setiawan said that the Morning Star flag was already raised in Warpa village by twenty-three people with sharp weapons. When the arrest took place, according to the chief, the police also found the amount of IDR 88 million on the scene.

“The money was about to send to their highest rank leader in Jayapura,” said the chief.

Based on their investigation, the police has officially named twenty-three people as suspects.

The Recherche and Crime Investigation Chief of Fakfak Police, Misbahul Munir, said, “ These twenty-three people wanted to come to Fakfak to wave the flag at the official residence of Fakfak Regent.“

A picture of the arrest in Fakfak widely spread in social media

A photo of the arrest in Pikpik village of Fakfak raised criticism among Papuan people following its circulation on social media. In the picture, almost naked, some people tied up together and remained sitting by the road.

“The right word for the picture is slavery. Only those who experienced colonialism can do this. They experienced the same oppression before their independence. So, they want to practice the same thing against the oppressed people,“ said Filep Karma to comment on the photo that goes viral on social media.

However, Fakfak Police has not yet confirmed about the picture. So far, the Recherche and Crime Investigation Chief of Fakfak Police has not answered the phone and WhatsApp message to clarify the photograph allegedly describes the arrest in Pikpik village. However, several Fakfak residents confirmed that the circulated photo about the detain in Pikpik village on 1 December 2019 is valid.

“They arrested on 1 (December). A man with white hair body on chess was my classmate, Yance Hegemur,” said a Fakfak resident by phone to confirm the photograph.

Meanwhile, the Chairman of Domberai Customary Council Finsen Mayor also believes the same way. “Yes, it was the picture of the incident on 1 December in Fakfak. They transported to Fakfak Police Headquarters in the evening,” said Mayor.

From Tuesday (26/11/2019) to Wednesday (4/12/2019) afternoon, there are 101 people arrested and interrogated by police in connection to 1 December. So far, 82 people are still detained in Fakfak, Manokwari and Sentani, while the rest already released by police. At least 27 people have named suspects under the treason article, in which twenty people in Sentani and other seven in Manowakri.

In the sense of police acts to anticipate 1 December by arresting Papuans, according to Yan Warinussy, it would only worsen the image of the Indonesian Government among Papuans as Papua has a different historical background to other regions in Indonesia. This recognition is implicitly acknowledged the verse e of the Law 21/2001 about the Special Autonomy for Papua.

“1 December should be used as a milestone to create constructive efforts to straighten the history of Papua by the people of Papua and the state for the sake of peace,” said Warinussy.

He further asserted that every social and political movement of Papuan people, which contain different aspirations, should be responded with the kind response and accommodated through peaceful dialogue. (*)

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Tabi Province, for whom it established?

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Illustration. -Doc

Jayapura, Jubi – An intellectual youth figure of Tabi Frangklin Wahey said the establishment of new Tabi province does not benefit the people of Tabi.

“This becomes a current big issue for native people in Tabi, and it needs further clarification from a group of regents and mayors who propose new administrative regions. In this sense, I only focus on Tabi region as the capital of Papua Province lay on it. So, I think it is weird if some native Tabi wants a new split regency. I suggest to those who propose this idea to clarify their specific needs and interest behind this,” he said.

As a native Tabi, he questioned why this regional split issue is becoming a critical issue now while did not get any attention during the first administration period.

“I think it is the interest of people who want becoming a governor in Tabi. If you want to be a governor, I suggest that better you provide a good example (to the public) and be prepared to compete (in the election). For the regent and mayor in Tabi region, I ask you to not making this issue complicated because it may disturb the harmony among indigenous Tabi,” he said.

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Further, he said politically, the economy and education of indigenous Papuans in Tabi has long been left behind compared to others. If Tabi becomes a new province, it does not make them better. Instead, they will more marginalise.

“We must allow Mr Lukas to run his duty as a current governor and support him for what he has done in Tabi through outstanding development. He has made the region of Tabi a beautiful place. So, I ask the mayor and regent to build good coordination with the governor, provincial parliament and people’s assembly. Because they have authority and capacity to speak on behalf of the public interest in Papua,” he said.

Meanwhile, a native from Tobati Mrs Nonce Hanasbey hopes the government to be more focus on human resources development and local economic empowerment. According to her, it can improve indigenous livelihood and welfare.

“So far, infrastructure development has significantly progressed, and many primary changes have done. It only needs to support indigenous people in using their potential and existing natural resources for assuring these infrastructures benefit for them instead of other groups. (*)

 

Reporter: Aguz Pabika

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Carrying Morning Star flags in the worship, four students arrested in Church

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Four students were taken to Abepura Police station while attending Mass at Gembala Baik Catholic Church, Abepura on Sunday (1/12/2019)

Jayapura, Jubi – Four students were taken to Abepura Police station while attending Mass at Gembala Baik Catholic Church, Abepura on Sunday (1/12/2019). Wearing the traditional clothes of Papuan highlands, two of them decorated their faces with the pattern of Morning Star.

The four students are Marvin Yobe, Desepianus Dumupa, Paul Halapok and Devion Tekege. “They brought three Morning Star flags,” said Mario, an Abepura resident who was at the worship.

A police officer who not wear uniform at that time stood to arrest the students when they were about to receive the Host, but hold by the congregation asking him to respect the Holly Communion. Then, the police officer took the students out of the Church after seizing their flags.

Among the four, Desepianus Dumupa (26 years old) said their aim bringing the Morning Flags to the Church was to ask God for freedom. “Our purpose coming to the worship with the flags is to ask for help from God. We ask God to give freedom for Papuans,” said Dumupa.

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At the meantime, the Director of Legal Aid Institute (LBH) Papua, Emanuel Gobay, said the police took the students to Abepura police station for questioning. During the investigation, Jayapura Police Chief Gustaf Urbunas came and met with the Coalition Team of Papua Legal and Human Rights Advocates who accompanied the four students.

Urbinas stated the four students would be taken to Perumnas III Waena to inspect their accommodation after the examination for searching other evidence. After that, they would go to Jayapura Police Headquarter for further investigation.

“When asked about the legal status of the four students, the police chief said the police still ask their clarification before taking a decision,” said Gobay, the Coordinator of the Coalition team.

However, Gobay continued, after their inspection to Perumnas III, the police did not found any evidence. Then, the police took the four students to Jayapura Headquarters, took their pictures and fingerprints before continuing the interrogation.

The examination continued until 00.59; Monday, 2 December 2019 before the four students were finally released.

Meanwhile, as quoted by Antara News Agency, Papua Police Chief General Paulus Waterpauw confirmed the interrogation against the four students. “I ordered Jayapura Municipal Police Chief to explore the case, to find out what do their plans,” said Waterpauw.

He stated in general the security situation in Papua is conducive during the commemoration West Papuan Independence Day which held every 1 December. Moreover, he said there were no public activities considered disturbing the security and public order.

“Generally safe, conducive and controlled. We are grateful to all stakeholders. Therefore, the commemoration of 1 December, which is an annual event, can run in a conducive, safe and controlled,” said Paulus Waterpauw on Sunday (1/12/2019). (*)

 

Reporter: Victor Mambor

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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