Jayapura, Jubi – A number of American diplomatic cable documents related to Indonesia, especially the 1965 tragedy reopened to the public by three American institutions. The documents uncovered telegrams from and to the United States in relation to the mass killings after 1965.
The three institutions are the National Security Archive (NSA), the National Declassification Center (NDC), both nonprofit organizations, and state institutions National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
One of the many telegram documents reveals the shooting of innocent Indonesians carried out by the Indonesian army from June to July 1965.
The brutal story in Arfai
There are 39 documents of 30,000 pages which is the record of the United States Embassy (US) for Indonesia since 1964 until 1968. From number of documents, one document was revealed on the shooting of many Orang Asli Papua (Papuan indigenous) in Manokwari in 1965.
The 542A controlled telegram document dated September 15, 1965 revolves around the conditions in West Irian (West Papua) in mid-September 1965, as narrated by a Dutch Protestant missionary who reported about the imprisonment of a missionary, Harold Lovestrand.
The telegram mentioned in June that the Indonesian security forces had prevented some Papuans planning to leave Papua to Australia with a document signed by some of the most prominent Papuans of the time in Manokwari. This incident was followed by the arrest of most civil servants and a number of regional functionaries.
Telegram signed by the US Ambassador to Indonesia Marshall Green, described the first action of Indonesian army in Manokwari is said to be brutal. On 26 June on a hill in Manokwari three Indonesian soldiers were raising a red and white flag, shot by a group of Papuans who rebelled at the time. This event came to be known as an attack on Arfai Headquarters by Permenas Ferry Awom.
Yunus Inauri, one of the perpetrators of the Arfai headquarters attack, in an interview with Jubi few years ago, said that Permenas Awom is a former member of the Papuan Battalion. He was commander of Papua PVK in the Dutch era. He and his friends rebelled because Indonesian troops who came to Papua have made discomfort for the community.
Inauri who was a teacher at the time, said that if Indonesian soldiers find Papuan people on the street who are considered to behave strangely, then they will play at them arbitrarily, including students at school. Permenas who see the situation felt that it was not right; with his friends he beat the Indonesian soldiers who make a mess. But it was said the firefight was inevitable. The situation was so crowded, people run scattered. Permenas by then had a weapon that always carried everywhere.
After the shooting of three Indonesian soldiers, the next day the Indonesian army fired on every visible Papuans and many innocent people were shot in the streets. The shooting action expanded in the days that followed, but Awom’s group never came down to attack Manokwari.
Awom group resistance continued until the main Indonesian troops were brought in from outside Manokwari. In this mass of resistance, incessantly circulated the issue that if Papua is independent, then the Netherlands, Australia and the United States will help fund Papua’s development.
Lovestrand himself, in the telegram is called arrested for fear of being a victim of shootings. For in that period, Papuans who wanted independence filled the streets, as did the Indonesian security apparatus.
In addition to Lovestrand, a Dutch Catholic priest named Vandenberg in Sukarnopura (the name of Jayapura at the time) was also detained for no apparent reason.
The NDC blog says the Lovestrand case that happened to the masses put significant pressure on US-Indonesia relations. Rusk Secretary urged Ambassador Green on January 29 to resume talks with Foreign Minister Subandrio.
The conversation resulted did not last until February 9, where Ambassador Green found that Indonesian Attorney General received a signed confession from Lovestrand stating that he did not report evidence of a rebellion in Papua.
Other parties continue to urge Sukarno to free Lovestrand. The embassy realized that the ongoing pressure on Sukarno created more problems than progress. Finally, on March 18, the Indonesian Embassy indicated by telegram to Rusk that the Indonesian Attorney General began processing documents to deport Lovestrand.
The Dutch missionary was eventually deported with his family using KLM airplanes on March 23, 1966. Harold Lovestrand later wrote about his experience in Indonesia in the book Hostage in Jakarta, published by Moody Press in 1967. (Victor Mambor/Zely)
Six defendants of anti-racism protest in Jayapura sentenced to six months jail
Jayapura, Jubi – The Jayapura District Court found guilty six defendants involved in a mass riot following the anti-racism protests in Papua on 29 August 2019. The panel of judges gave them six months sentence, reduced by the defendants’ detention period. Therefore, the defendants would able to release soon after being sentence since the end of August 2019. However, their legal counsel team says to challenge the verdict because they believe that their clients are not guilty.
The six defendants Yan Peter Suramaja, Dolfin, Vinsen Dogopia, Jorgen Aipui, Valerio Yaas, Peter Meraudje, are found guilty in the trial chaired by Judge Alexander Jacob Tetelepta, with the panel members Roberto Naibaho and Korneles Waroi.
The public prosecutor charged them with different articles. Yan Peter Suramaja charged with Emergency Article, while Dolfin accused Article 160 of the criminal code on the incitement against the government. Meanwhile, Vinsen Dogopie charged with Article 170 of the criminal code about conducting violence against people and properties. The other three defendants Jorgen Aipui, Valerio Yaas, and Peter Merauje indicted with Article 365 of the criminal code about theft with violence.
In responding to the court’s verdict, lawyer Frederika Korain confirms that her clients would release soon if they accept the verdict because they have been in the detention since the end of August 2029. “Following the court’s verdict, their days in the detention will end soon. But we will consider this and discuss with their family to challenge not guilty,” Korain says on Thursday.
In the meantime, lawyer Relika Tambunan who is also a member of defendants’ legal counsel declares the court finding does not meet the expectation of the Advocate Team for Indigenous Papuans, as the trial was not able to approve the public prosecutor’s indictment.
“There is no strong evidence to accuse them. Indeed, the trial cannot prove that our clients are guilty or commit crime as charged to them. We have time to reconsider before challenge for not guilty,” said Tambunan. (*)
Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
Editor: Aryo Wisanggeni G
Two civilians reportedly killed in Sugapa
Jayapura, Jubi – Two civilians reportedly killed in a joint military operation at Yoparu Village of Sugapa Sub-district, Intan Jayapura Regency on Tuesday (18/2/2020). The report also informs two Papuan women have been injured during the gun conflict and currently are under medical treatment. However, no release so far made by the security forces related to the report.
Jubi resource confirms two victims in this military ambush are Kayus Sani and Meky who shot in their houses on Tuesday dawn. The joint police and military forces arrived at Yoparu Village on Tuesday at around 3 a.m. Papua time, he says.
“Kayus was shot dead in his house. They (the joint security forces) entered the house and shot him on the chest and fingers. They also did the same thing to Meky, entering his house and shooting him dead in his house,” he says.
A report further informs that residents took the bodies of Kayus and Meky to a local church on Tuesday, but no information about their funeral yet.
Meanwhile, two indigenous women were also reportedly injured in the same operation. Elepina Sani, Meky’s mother, was shot in her hand, and currently got treatment in Yoparu Village, while a bullet hit Malopina in her leg. She is referred to Timika on Tuesday for further treatment.
Until the article published, no confirmation from both military or police about the incident so far received by Jubi. Jubi has attempted to contact Papua Police Chief Paulus Waterpauw on Whatsapp at 20.26 Papua time for clarification, but no reply so far. (*)
Reporter: Hengky Yeimo
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Military spokesperson says victims of military operation in Sugapa are members of insurgent group
Jayapura, Jubi – Colonel Eko Daryanto, the military public relations chief of Cenderawasih Military Command, says a victim killed on Tuesday (18/2/2020) in the armed conflict in Yaparo Village of Sugapa Sub-district, Intan Jaya Regency was an insurgent group member. He also claims that a boy killed in the same shooting location shot by the armed group.
Colonel Daryanto’s clarification is opposite to a witness’ statement cited by Jubi on Tuesday. Jubi resource told that both victims Kayus Sani and Meky Tipagau are civilians. He also informed two women had wounded during the attack.
As cited by Antara News Agency, Eko Daryanto states that the joint enforcement troop had involved in a gun conflict with an insurgent group in Sugapa on Tuesday at 7.20 Papua time when they saw two insurgent members carrying two guns. “They involved in a gun conflict while chasing those insurgents, but this armed group made to escape to the cliffs and bushes ahead to Ugimba,” says the colonel in Jayapura on Wednesday (19/2/2020).
Moreover, according to him, the troop later found Meky Tipogau’s body when checking the location after the conflict. He declares the victim Tipogau was shot by the military while carrying a weapon, but his friend was able to run away with his gun. Also, during the operation, the joint military troop seized a laptop, a cellular phone and two assembled guns, a facsimile machine, a bow and arrows.
Eko further states that during the armed conflict on Tuesday, the insurgent group shot the joint military forces randomly. “Their fire hit 14 years old girls named Kina Sani who shot in her left sole,” says Eko.
Earlier, on Tuesday, Jubi published an article saying two civilians reportedly killed in Sugapa. According to Jubi source, the victims Kayus Sani and Meky Tipogau shot by the security forces in their houses. He stated that the shooting incident happened in the Tuesday early morning in Yoparu Village, Sugapa Subdistrict.
Jubi also reported that two women had injured during the armed conflict in the same location. Elepina Sani, Meky Tipogau’s mother, was shot in her hand, and now treated by locals in Yoparu Village. Meanwhile, Malopina Sani who shot in her leg referred to Timika for further medical treatment on Tuesday. (*)
Reporter: Aryo Wisanggeni G
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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