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When a dense forest turns into an oil palm plantation

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A landowner Filemon Basik-Basik expressed his disappointment to PT ACP- Jubi / Frans L Kobun

Alfasera I – IV located in Muting sub-district, Merauke Regency once was a dense forest. Today it’s a big oil palm plantation.

Along the way to the office and lodgment for employees of PT Agriprima Cipta Persada (ACP), people will solely find oil palm trees along the road, whereas the forest which was a source of livelihood for indigenous Papuans was entirely gone.
PT. ACP who’s responsible for this had promised aids to the nine clans in Muting sub-district before cutting down their forest and turning it the oil palm plantation since 2013. However, it’s only a promise that causes people’s disappointment.
A landowner Pius Mbanang Ndiken who is also a security guard of PT. ACP Muting told Jubi on Monday (22/10/2018) that the company promised many things to the nine clans in Muting sub-district so that they agreed to give their forest for the plantation.
“Our forest has cleared out for the oil palm plantation, and some places that used to be sacred and protected from generation to generation also expelled,” he said.
Moreover, he said the company and local community have made several agreements including the company will build houses for landowners, provide five units of chainsaws but they only get two.
The company also promised to provide financial support for the education for the children from the nine clans to high schools and universities in Kalimantan. Meanwhile, establishing a cooperative and providing business funds for the nine family clans are other promises.
“We thought the company has cheated and lied against indigenous Papuans who have sacrificed their forest for the benefits of investors,” he said.
Furthermore, he said due to the deforestation, all animals have disappeared and moved to the swamp area in recent years.
When asked about the land used for the oil palm plantation, he said the company told it’s only 7,000 hectares, whereas there are almost 20,000 hectares of forest cleared out.
“If you think I told you a lie, I will take you around to look more closely at how many thousands of hectares of forest were cleared out to benefit the investors,” he said.
He also complains that the company only employed indigenous Papuans for manual works instead of in the office.  “We brought our children who graduated from high school to work in the office, but they told us to wait and be patient,” he said.
Another landowner Filemon Basik-Basik also expressed his disappointment towards the company.  “They only gave us their promises. They deceived us and used us to destroy our forest for the oil palm plantation and investors. They made a fool on us. We feel harmful by dishonest investors,” he further said.
The company said only 8,500 hectares of land opened
By contrast, the Public Relations Officer of PT ACP Eddy Mulya Setiadi said the company only opened about 8,500 hectares of land since they cultivated the oil palm trees from 2013 to 2015.
Today the number of the company’s employees is 1500 people in which 50 per cent are indigenous Papuans including the landowners from the nine clans, whereas the rest are non-Papuans from Java, Makassar and East Nusa Tenggara.
When asked about the company’s plan of land clearing, he admitted it detained due to the environmental issue raised by some NGOs. It causes some rejections from the local community including the Mahuze clan. The land that supposed to open is around 10,000 hectares.
He then added that it’s already three years of planting, and the oil palm will ready to harvest in the fourth year and sell to PT. BIA. “In January 2019, machines and other equipment will be transported for harvesting and producing the oil palm in Muting,” he said. (*)
Reporter: Ans K
Editor: Pipit Maizier

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West Papuans given jail time for rebellion

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Yakonias Womsiwor and Erichzon Mandobar. Photo: Facebook/ Veronica Koman

Papua, Jubi – Two West Papuans have been sentenced to more than a year in an Indonesian prison over a rebellion.

The jail terms come as several cases are being levelled against West Papuan activists and rebels in the restive region.

Yakonias Womsiwor and Erichzon Mandobar were detained in September when authorities raided the office of a Papuan independence group.

According to their lawyer, on Tuesday a judge in the Timika district court sentenced Mr Womsiwor to one year and six months jail.

His co-defendant got one year and three months in prison.

Both were sentenced under a criminal law for coercion and rebellion.

Lawyer Veronica Koman says she’s considering an appeal of the judgement.

During their arrests in Timika, the defendants were shot several times and denied medical attention until rights groups brought attention to their case.

Mr Womsiwor was shot six times in total, while Mr Mandobar was shot once, according to Amnesty International and Ms Koman.

“They were shot without warning as the law required,” Ms Koman said, adding that they were later allowed to be treated by their families.

Their arrests were part of a raid on the Timika secretariat of the West Papua National Committee (KNPB), which was later seized by police.

Earlier in the trial, police and prosecutors had claimed the men were found with ammunition and guns, which the defendants denied was theirs, according to Ms Koman.

She said during the trial two police officers, including a deputy police chief, called as witnesses testified that military personnel had placed the ammunition and guns at the KNPB offices.

Ms Koman added that the sentencing on Monday did not give proper consideration to statements made by the defence.

The sentences come just days after a Polish tourist was jailed for five years for plotting to sell arms to West Papuan rebels. (*)

 

Source: RNZI

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Indonesia loses Pacific asset in Franzalbert Joku

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Indonesian government consultant on West Papua-related issues, Franz Albert Joku. Photo: RNZ / Johnny Blades

Papua, Jubi – Indonesia has lost a significant asset from in its Pacific diplomacy efforts with the recent passing of the West Papuan, Franzalbert Joku.

The prominent Sentani landowner was the international spokesman for the Papua Presidium Council which galvanised momentum in the independence struggle at the turn of the century.

But in his last decade, Mr Joku strongly advocated autonomy for Papua within Indonesia rather than independence. He often represented Indonesia at regional meetings of the Melanesian Spearhead Group and the Pacific Islands Forum.

Mr Joku, who died at the age of 66 late last month in Jayapura, had fled from Indonesian rule in his homeland as a youth with his family in the early 1970s. For around three decades he lived in various parts of Papua New Guinea where Mr Joku worked as a journalist and a PNG government advisor who developed extensive links in the Pacific.

An expert in Indonesian history and politics, Richard Chauvel of the University of Melbourne, says Mr Joku’s career in PNG was significant.

“His great utility both in the early 2000s (for the Papua Presidium) and post 2007/8 for the Indonesian government has been his intimate knowledge of Papua New Guinea politics, through his role as a journalist and then as a political advisor or spokesman for (former PNG PM) Julius Chan and other senior PNG politicians,” Dr Chauvel said.

“I think it’s that knowledge of local PNG politics, and through networks into the Pacific, that made him such a formidable figure, both initially for the Presidium, in the lobbying of the Melanesian Spearhead Group and the Pacific Islands Forum, and then subsequently for doing much the same thing, utilising the same skills and knowledge for the Indonesian government,” he explained.

As an effective envoy for Jakarta, Mr Joku had a forthright approach to his diplomacy, as evidenced last year by his instrumental role in pressing the Solomon Islands government to mollify its support for West Papuan self-determination aspirations:

Occupying both extremes of the Papuan political spectrum over time made Franzalbert Joku a polarising figure in the eyes of West Papuans.

“The way he executed those positions was remarkably the same – with great commitment, very articulate, he was obviously a bright guy… you could never accuse him of being nuanced,” Dr Chauvel said.

Dr Chauvel first met Franzalbert Joku when he was lobbying for the Presidium, the organisation which energised the independence struggle as democatic space opened up briefly in post-Suharto Indonesia around the time of the Papua People’s Congress in 2000 in Jayapura.

“He was just as vigorous and forthright in his advocacy of that position as he later became from 2007/8 onwards when he’d clearly joined the other side,” he said.

Indonesia’s Foreign Affairs Ministry has a number of officials who have led delegations to MSG and Pacific Forum meetings over the past decade.

“They have acquired some of that background knowledge, but I don’t think that they can speak to their counterparts in Vanuatu, Fiji, Solomon Islands and PNG from the same position as Franzalbert could, as a Pacific Islander,” Dr Chauvel said. (*)

 

Source: RNZI

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Polish man charged over links to Papua arms deal to appear in court

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Jakub Skrzypski, a 39-year Polish citizen visiting Papua as a tourist, was arrested in Wamena in late August on suspicion of being a journalist. Photo: Facebook

Papua, Jubi – The trial of a Polish man charged with treason for allegedly supplying arms to Papuan rebel fighters continues today.

Indonesian prosecutors have demanded 10 years’ jail for Jakub Skrzypski, who was arrested in August last year.

According to his lawyer Jakub Skyrzypski was a tourist who wanted to see the culture, customs and history of Papua.

Instead, he was detained and charged on suspicion of arranging an arms deal with the West Papua Liberation Army, a rebel group which is waging war on state forces.

Mr Skrzypski’s lawyer, Latifah Anum Siregar told the Wamena city court on Wednesday he hasn’t committed a crime by meeting with the armed group, according to a copy of her plea.

The public prosecutor, who has called on ten witnesses in the trial, will respond in court on Thursday.

Judges will deliver a verdict after final responses from both sides on Monday.

Mr Skrzypski is being charged alongside his co-defendant, West Papuan student Simon Carlos Magal, who was arrested in September. (*)

 

Source: RNZI

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